Chouchillon B
Name of the variety in France
Chouchillon
Origin
This variety is native to the Loire region. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, il would be closely related to Mondeuse blanche.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Chouchillon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2016 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the young leaves with bronze spots and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green or sometimes red-striped internodes,
- the pentagonal, light green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, rather deep upper lateral sinuses, a closed V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 249 182 194 246 240 216 239
Allel 2 149 234 260 188 200 252 262 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Chouchillon is vigorous and has a semi-erect bearing. This variety does not seem too sensitive to drought. As its basal buds are moderately fertile, it is best to prune it long.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Chouchillon does not seem particularly sensitive to downy mildew and powdery mildew. It is however a little more susceptible to phomopsis and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Chouchillon’s bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a juicy pulp. The wines are pale yellow with green tints. On the nose, they are rather complex, with floral aromas and exotic and citrus fruits notes.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Chouchillon clone carries the number 1287.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al, 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1287 Loire IFV 2018