Chichaud N
New
Name of the variety in France
Chichaud
Origin
This variety is originally from the French department of Ardèche.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Chichaud is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2019 on the A list but is not yet classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the green yellowish young leaves with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with green or red-striped internodes,
- the circular, medium-sized adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, rather deep U-shaped lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with convex or straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered, twisted or involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped or ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 182 238 233 255
Allel 2 141 234 253 182 254 257 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Chichaud is fertile, moderately vigorous and has a semi-erect bearing. This variety is well adapted to hot climates and to dry and stony soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Chichaud is sensitive to downy mildew and to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Chichaud’s bunches are medium and compact. The berries are also medium in size, simple-flavored, with a thin skin and a juicy pulp. This variety produces fine, not very colored, moderately alcoholic, quality wines.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Le vignoble. A. Mas and V. Pulliat, 1874-1879, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Variétés de raisins de table. Branas and Truel, 1965, Ed. Nouvelles Du Progrès Agricole Et Viticole, France.