Chasselas B
Name of the variety in France
Chasselas
Origin
This variety would seem to originally be from Burgundy or from Switzerland.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Chasselas doré" regarding plant propagation material. In the European Union, Chasselas is officially called by other names: Bela zlahtnina (Slovenia), Chasselas dorato (Italy), Chrupka bila (Czech Republic), Gutedel (Austria), Weisser Gutedel (Germany) and Plemanka bijela (Croatia).
Legal information
In France, Chasselas is oficially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. It is classified as a wine grape variety only in some French department (see the regulations in force). This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Belgium, Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine and table grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 24400 11040 3595 2615 958
Surfaces declared as wine grapes only.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the reddish young leaves,
- the shoots with very long tendrils,
- the light green pentagonal adult leaves, with five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus, short to medium teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 182 194 252 240 216 239
Allel 2 141 234 247 186 204 260 254 267 239
Phenology
Bud burst (average over 50 years at the Domaine de Vassal): March 21st.
Grape maturity (average over 50 years at the Domaine de Vassal): early-season (by definition), August 14th.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety can be managed with short or long pruning. Depending on climatic conditions, it is sometimes susceptible to millerandage. It is also rather susceptible to magnesium deficiency (especially in potassium-rich soils) and to dessication of the stems.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Chasselas is not very susceptible to grey rot and mites. On the other hand, it is sensitive to powdery mildew, phomopsis and eutypa dieback.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. The skin is thin, the pulp is soft and juicy with a pleasant taste. Chasselas has a good storage and transport capacity. Wines produced from Chasselas are rather fine, but often rather neutral in terms of aromatic potential and sometimes lack acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The thirty-three certified Chasselas table grapes clones carry the numbers 16, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 201, 303, 532, 887, 889, 890, 891, 1221, 1222 and 1234. The three certified Chasselas wine grapes clones carry the numbers 60, 110 and 158. A conservatory of more than 100 clones was planted in 2001 in the wine-growing region of Moissac (French department of Tarn-et-Garonne).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
16 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest medium to high medium medium
19 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest low to medium low medium
20 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest low to medium medium
21 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
22 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
23 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest medium to high medium medium
24 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
25 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
26 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest high high medium
27 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
28 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
29 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest low to medium medium medium
30 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
31 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest medium medium low to medium
32 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
33 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest high medium medium
34 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
35 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest low to medium medium low to medium
36 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
37 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
38 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest
39 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest medium medium medium
40 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1971 Sud-Ouest high high medium
60 Haut-Rhin INRA 1971 Alsace
Savoie
clone destined for the production of wine grapes
110 Nièvre INRA 1971 Centre
Savoie
clone destined for the production of wine grapes
158 Nièvre INRA 1972 Centre
Savoie
clone destined for the production of wine grapes
201 Gard ENTAV 1973 Sud-Ouest
303 Gard ENTAV 1973 Sud-Ouest
532 Gard ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest
887 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1987 Sud-Ouest
889 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1987 Sud-Ouest
890 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1987 Sud-Ouest
891 Tarn-et-Garonne INRA 1987 Sud-Ouest
1221 Tarn-et-Garonne GVA Moissac - IFV 2014 Sud-Ouest medium high medium to high medium medium to high medium high low to medium red canes type clone with high yield and high maturity index. Good storage aptitude
1222 Tarn-et-Garonne GVA Moissac - IFV 2014 Sud-Ouest medium medium low to medium medium low to medium medium high low to medium very early red canes type clone with average yield. Very high maturity index and good storage aptitude
1234 Tarn-et-Garonne GVA Moissac - IFV 2015 Sud-Ouest medium medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium to high low to medium New early red canes type clone with average to high yield. High maturity index and good storage aptitude