Castets N
Name of the variety in France
Castets
Origin
This variety is from the south west of France (more specifically from the right bank of the Garonne valley) and could originally be from Gironde (the area around Saint-Macaire). Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would be the result of the crossbreeding between Gros Cabernet and Camaraou noir.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Castets is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2018
ha 57 37 6 2 6
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the very bronzed and orange-colored young leaves,
- the adult leaves with a V-shaped open petiole sinus, fairly shallow lateral sinuses, medium length teeth compared to their width at the base with convex sides, a shiny very blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, with herbaceous flavor.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 239 172 188 246 248 227 239
Allel 2 149 236 243 186 188 248 248 233 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 14 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Castets is vigorous, not very fertile which must be pruned long. Bud burst is very late and it has an erect bearing.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is a little sensitive to grey rot and especially powdery mildew. It is not very affected by downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large in size and the berries are small. This variety produces wines that can be aged, very colored, relatively alcoholic but not very acidic.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Castets clone carries the number 1126.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1126 Bouches-du-Rhône IFV 2009 distinctive wines of the vine variety