Carmenère N
Name of the variety in France
Carmenère
Origin
This variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, it would be a descendant of Cabernet franc.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Carmenère is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Malta and Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 15 10 16 11 7 15 78
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shiny young leaves, that are revolute and red-orange with bronze spots,
- the stamen filaments are crumpled during flowering,
- the shiny circular adult leaves, with five lobes, lateral sinuses with often a tooth inside, a slightly overlapping petiole sinus, medium teeth with straight sides, slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 172 188 248 238 235 239
Allel 2 145 236 262 186 204 248 254 247 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Carmenère is vigorous, not very fertile on basal buds, and must therefore be pruned long. This grape variety can be very susceptible to coulure if weather conditions are bad during flowering.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Carmenère does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are medium in size. Carmenère produces fairly rich, very colored, tannic (sometimes with some bitterness) wines, but often they are lacking acidity. In terms of aroma, the herbaceous flavor dominates, unless if a proper maturity is reached.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Carmenère clones carry the numbers 1059 and 1235. A conservatory of 3 clones was planted in the Bordeaux wine-growing region between 2011 and 2012.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1059 Gironde CA 33 - ENTAV 2002 Bordelais low to medium low to medium medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety En savoir plus
1235 Gironde Pépinières Mercier - IFV 2017 Bordelais moyenne inférieur à moyen inférieur à moyen moyenne inférieure à moyenne inférieure à moyenne moyenne à supérieure moyen à supérieur moyenne moyenne à supérieure supérieure vins aromatiques avec un bon équilibre général production régulière et inférieure à la moyenne avec grappes petites et aérées. Bonne résistance à la pourriture grise. Vins colorés, aromatiques et bonne structure tannique. Appréciés en dégustation