Carignan N
Name of the variety in France
Carignan
Origin
This variety is of Spanish origin (probably from the Aragon region).
Synonyms
In Spain, Carignan is officially designated as "Mazuela". This synonym is officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Carignan is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 169712 211254 207103 176117 102317 73728 30993
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shiny yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with red striped internodes,
- the large adult leaves, with five lobes, shallow to deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, a twisted very goffered leaf blade, on and the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 178 186 252 240 247 249
Allel 2 143 225 239 182 188 260 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Carignan has an erect bearing. This is a fertile variety which has a steady and often substantial production. It is easily trained and must be pruned short (gobelet, cordon). Carignan is well adapted to hot and dry areas, with fairly poor soil (shale for example). It also appears well adapted to windy areas. In terms of mineral absorption, Carignan is sometimes susceptible to potassium deficiency.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is relatively unaffected by grey rot and is very little susceptible to phomopsis. On the other hand, its tremendous susceptibility to powdery mildew on the leaves and bunches is well known. It is also sensitive to vine leafhoppers.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium to large in size. Carignan has a moderate potential for sugar content and high color potential. The tannins are however harsh, herbaceous, bitter and the wines produced lack fruit and suppleness. These charactertistics can be favorably corrected using carbonic maceration. This is oftentimes linked to the age of the vines, the production conditions and the terroir. Indeed, in poor fertile conditions, in good terroirs, with adult vines and limited production, the wines obtained can be powerful and generous.
Clonal selection in France
The twenty-five certified Carignan clones carry the numbers 6, 7, 8, 9, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 90, 151, 152, 153, 171, 178, 179, 270, 271, 272, 273, 274, 275, 276, 505 and 547. A conservatory of almost 300 clones was planted in the French department of Aude in 1998.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
6 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 5.73 ha low to medium low to medium low to medium high medium representative wines of the variety slightly irregular production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
7 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 1.32 ha medium low to medium low medium representative wines of the variety steady production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
8 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.38 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
9 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.44 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
62 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 1.20 ha high high medium low representative wines of the variety steady production. Leaves have more lobes
63 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.74 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
64 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.55 ha medium medium medium high medium representative wines of the variety steady production
65 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.55 ha low low low low high representative wines of the variety slightly irregular production. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics
66 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc 0.82 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium representative wines of the variety slightly irregular production
90 Gard ENTAV 1971 Languedoc high high medium medium representative wines of the variety
151 Aude ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 1.94 ha medium high high medium representative wines of the variety
152 Aude ENTAV 1972 Languedoc medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
153 Aude ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 0.32 ha medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
171 Gard ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 4.15 ha medium to high medium to high medium low to medium representative wines of the variety steady production
178 Pyrénées-Orientales ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 0.17 ha medium medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety
179 Aude ENTAV 1972 Languedoc 0.10 ha medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
270 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc medium representative wines of the variety
271 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
272 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc 0.21 ha medium to high medium medium medium to high representative wines of the variety
273 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
274 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc 0.56 ha medium low to medium low to medium medium representative wines of the variety clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics with sometimes a slightly irregular production
275 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
276 Gard ENTAV 1973 Languedoc medium medium to high medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
505 Hérault ENTAV 1976 Languedoc medium medium to high medium to high medium representative wines of the variety
547 Hérault ENTAV 1978 Languedoc medium medium to high medium to high medium representative wines of the variety