Carcajolo N
Name of the variety in France
Carcajolo
Origin
This variety can be found in the Mediterranean basin, particularly in Spain and Portugal.
Synonyms
In the European Union, Carcajolo is officially called by other names: Carcaghjolu neru and Caricagiola (Italy), Parraleta (Spain) and Tinta Caiada (Portugal). These synonyms are officially recognized in France regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Carcajolo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 2000 2008 2018
ha 67 1 1 23
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with three or fives lobes, lateral sinuses with sometimes a tooth inside, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus, small teeth, long compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries with a lot of bloom.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 219 239 176 186 252 240 243 239
Allel 2 131 236 239 186 188 262 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous, fairly productive and must be pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Carcajolo is not very susceptible to powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is sensitive to sour rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are large. Carcajolo's sugar accumulation potential is average. This variety produces very colored, light structured and moderately aromatic wines which are often quite rough and lacking in finesse and acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Carcajolo clone carries the number 946. A conservatory of twenty or so clones was set up in 2005 in the Corsican wine-growing region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Les cépages insulaires ou le Riacquistu des cépages corses. CRVI de Corse, 2016, San Giuliano, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien, under the name "Caricagiola", [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
946 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1990 Haute-Corse Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.