Caralicante N
Name of the variety in France
Caralicante
Origin
Caralicante has been obtained by A. Bonnet (Richter nurseries) in the 1925’s. This variety is the result of the crossbreeding of Carignan and Alicante Henri Bouschet. This relation has been confirmed by genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Caralicante is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2017 on the A list.
Use
Grape variety intended for the production of fruit juices.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the white young leaves with bronze spots and a high density of prostate hairs,
- the red-striped shoots on the dorsal side,
- the large, dark green adult leaves, with three or five lobes, an open or slightly open U- or V-shaped petiole sinus, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely blistered, slightly goffered, shiny, revolute umbrella-like leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a colored pulp.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 178 186 244 240 243 251
Allel 2 143 236 239 182 188 252 240 247 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Caralicante is vigorous, fertile and has an erect bearing.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is sensitive to downy mildew. It is however not very sensitive to phomopsis and bud mite disease.
Technological potentiality
Caralicante’s bunches are medium in size and moderately compact. The berries are also medium, simple-flavored, with a moderately thick skin and a soft pulp. Caralicante juices are well colored. This variety produces very astringent and flat wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Caralicante clone carries the number 1244.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1244 Hérault IFV - INRA 2016