Calabrese N
Name of the variety in France
Calabrese
Origin
This variety is originally from the south of Italy (Sicily).
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Nero d'Avola" regarding plant propagation material. In Bulgaria, Malta and Italy, Calabrese is officially designated as "Nero d'Avola".
Legal information
In France, Calabrese is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2012 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0.2
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves,
- the large, entire, circular adult leaves, with a slightly opened or closed petiole sinus, long teeth with straight sides, a slightly twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 186 252 240 235 251
Allel 2 149 238 249 178 202 252 254 243 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Calabrese is a variety adapted to warm climates and to Mediterranean weather conditions. It has a semi-erect bearing, must be trained and pruned short.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Calabrese is susceptible to powdery mildew, but is not very affected by grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Calabrese's bunches are small to medium in size and the berries are medium in size. This variety produces good quality, well colored, full-bodied, and structured wines that are suited for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Calabrese clone carries the number 1205.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, Engalnd.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1205 Hérault IFV - INRA 2014 Languedoc-Roussillon representative wines of the variety