Cabernet franc N
Name of the variety in France
Cabernet franc
Origin
Cabernet franc is probably originally from the south west of France.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Cabernet franc is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 9743 17864 22606 30256 35163 38691 32676
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the greenish-red young leaves with bronze spots,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, with three or five lobes, lateral sinuses with often a tooth inside, a petiole sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight sides, a hammered, shiny leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 239 178 194 248 238 227 239
Allel 2 145 238 262 186 204 260 254 235 257
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This fairly vigorous variety must be trained with moderately long pruning or short pruning in more favorable climatic zones. In terms of terroir, best results are generally achieved on clay-limestone soils, but good results may also be achieved with sandy soils in the absence of water stress.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Cabernet franc is moderately resistant to grey rot and is moderately sensitive to eutypa dieback and esca. It is susceptible to vine leafhoppers.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium in size and the berries are small. This variety is used to produce quality aromatic wines with average ageing potential. However, the 'sugar', 'acid' and 'polyphenol' (coloring intensity and tannic structure) potentials are moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The thirty certified Cabernet franc clones carry the numbers 210, 211, 212, 213, 214, 215, 326, 327, 332, 393, 394, 395, 396, 407, 408, 409, 542, 543, 544, 545, 622, 623, 678, 1155, 1156, 1158, 1166, 1167, 1203 and 1204. A conservatory of 100 clones was planted in 2001, in the wine-growing region of Anjou. Another conservatory of more than 100 clones was planted in the Bordeaux wine-growing region in 2003 and 2004 ; it is based on surveys conducted in Gironde and in the Pyrénées foothills.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
210 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley
Bordelais
Sud-Ouest
1.06 ha medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium to high medium low medium low supple and fruity wines production level needs to be managed
211 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley
Sudoeste
0.30 ha medium to high medium to high medium high medium medium medium low representative wines of the variety
212 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley
Sudoeste
0.15 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium medium balanced and fruity wines
213 Val-de-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley 0.16 ha medium to high high high medium representative wines of the variety
214 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley
Bordelais
Sud-Ouest
14.51 ha low to medium low low to medium low high high medium medium to high aromatic, fine and structured wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and its aptitude to produce wines suitable for ageing
215 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1973 Loire-Valley 2.02 ha medium medium medium to high low medium representative wines of the variety
326 Gironde INRA 1975 Bordelais 4.15 ha low low to medium medium medium medium high medium to high medium medium to high rich and structured wines clone carrying the leafroll-associated virus 2. Appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained if the yield is moderate.
327 Gironde INRA 1975 Loire-Valley
Bordelais
Sud-Ouest
11.25 ha low low to medium medium high low high medium to high medium to high medium to high rich and structured wines slightly later phenological stages. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and its aptitude for producing wines suitable for ageing if the yield is moderate
332 Pyrénées-Atlantiques INRA 1975 Bordelais
Val-de-Loire
1.69 ha medium to high high medium to high high low to medium low medium low to medium slightly light wines
393 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Bordelais
Sud-Ouest
0.61 ha medium to high medium medium low to medium medium to high medium medium high balanced wines, representative of the variety
394 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Sud-Ouest 0.11 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium to high medium to high medium medium to high structured and colored wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
395 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Sud-Ouest 0.25 ha low low low to medium high medium to high medium to high high medium medium structured and colored wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
396 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1975 Sud-Ouest 1.10 ha medium to high medium medium low to medium medium to high medium to high medium medium to high balanced wines, representative of the variety
407 Gironde ENTAV 1976 Clone not widely distributed.
408 Maine-et-Loire ENTAV 1976 Clone not widely distributed.
409 Landes ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest 1.13 ha medium to high medium medium medium medium low to medium medium medium colored and balanced wines regular production clone
542 Landes ENTAV 1978 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
high high medium medium to high medium medium
543 Landes ENTAV 1978 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium medium medium medium medium medium
544 Landes ENTAV 1978 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium medium medium medium medium medium
545 Landes ENTAV 1978 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
medium medium to high medium to high medium medium medium
622 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1978 Sud-Ouest 0.52 ha medium high high medium low to medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
623 Gironde ENTAV 1979 Loire-Valley 4.87 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high medium fruity, supple and well-balanced wines clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and the quality of the wines obtained
678 Landes ENTAV 1979 Sud-Ouest 0.55 ha medium medium medium medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety slightly earlier maturity
1155 Val-de-Loire INRA - IFV 2018 Maine-et-Loire inférieure à moyenne inférieur inférieur supérieure supérieur moyenne supérieure vins fins, colorés, ronds et bien équilibrés clone un peu plus précoce et peu productif. Clone apprécié pour son aptitude à l'élaboration de vins de garde.
1156 Gironde CA33 - IFV 2012 Bordelais low low low low high high medium medium to high wines appreciated for their aromatic intensity and tannic structure low production level with less compact bunches. Clone appreciated for its ability to produce wines suitable for ageing.
1158 Gironde CA33 - IFV 2015 Bordelais low low low low high high medium medium to high medium to high wines appreciated for their aromatic intensity and tannic structure New low production level with less compact bunches. Clone appreciated for its ability to produce wines suitable for ageing.
1166 Gironde INRA - CA33 - IFV 2011 Bordelais low low low low high high low to medium medium to high colored and structured wines low production level with less compact bunches. Clone appreciated for its ability to produce wines suitable for ageing.
1167 Gironde INRA - CA33 - IFV 2011 Bordelais low low low to medium low high high medium to high medium to high colored and structured wines low production level with less compact bunches. Clone appreciated for its ability to produce wines suitable for ageing.
1203 Maine-et-Loire INRA - IFV 2014 Loire-Valley low to medium medium low medium to high high medium high colored, round and well-balanced wines not a very productive clone. Qualitatively superior to clone 214
1204 Maine-et-Loire INRA - IFV 2014 Loire-Valley low to medium low low high high medium high fine, colored, round and well-balanced wines slightly earlier clone and not very productive. Qualitatively superior to clone 214