César N
Name of the variety in France
César
Origin
This variety is grown in the Yonne region.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, César is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 7 2 6 8 10 10
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red internodes and a ribbed surface,
- the adult leaves with five or seven lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, an involute blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs and a low density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 225 243 182 192 240 248 216 263
Allel 2 149 225 253 191 194 252 254 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
César is vigorous and must be trained. In the spring, the shoots are very sensitive to the wind.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
César is fairly sensitive to downy and powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are small and the berries are mdium in size. César produces fruity (red berries and cherry aromas), tannic wines that have ageing capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified César clone carries the number 1102. It is derived from surveys carried out in the French departement of Yonne.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1102 Yonne ENTAV 2005 Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.