Brun argenté N
Name of the variety in France
Brun argenté
Origin
This variety is originally from the south east of France.
Synonyms
In France, this variety can be called "Vaccarèse" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Brun argenté is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 70 55 44 34 11 10 12
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, a slightly open petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, no or very slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect hairs, 
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 248 238 247 239
Allel 2 141 223 249 178 200 256 266 267 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 10 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Brun argenté is a fertile, late-season variety which must be pruned short. This variety should be planted in rather poor, hot and well exposed terroirs. It can be susceptible to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Brun argenté is very susceptible to powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are very large. Brun argenté produces slightly or moderately colored wines with low alcoholic degree. Wines are balanced, with a complex aromatic profile (fruity and spicy notes).
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Brun argenté clone carries the number 1164. A conservatory of ten or so clones was planted in 2001 in the Côtes du Rhône. Selection work is currently underway in this conservatory.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1164 Vaucluse IFV 2011 representative wines of the variety