Brun Fourca N
Name of the variety in France
Brun Fourca
Origin
Brun Fourca is originally from Provence. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier, this variety would be the result of a crossbreeding between Pougayen and Best's R2 V73.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Brun Fourca is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 0.1
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with five lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus with very overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin pigmentation, a finely blistered and goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no prostate hairs and a medium to high density of erect hairs, 
- the broad ellipsoid berries with a significant bloom.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 256 238 235 239
Allel 2 131 236 249 191 204 258 240 257 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Brun Fourca has a moderate vigor and a semi-erect bearing. The berries tend to drop off when ripe.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Brun Fourca is susceptible to grey rot and very sensitive to powdery mildew.
Technological potentiality
Brun Fourca's bunches are small but the berries are very large. Sugar potential is average and this variety produces moderately colored wines with a certain degree of acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Brun Fourca clone carries the number 1165.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1165 Hérault INRA - IFV 2011 distinctive wines of the vine variety