Baroque B
Name of the variety in France
Baroque
Origin
This variety was originally from Gascogne and was developped after the powdery mildew crisis and was identified at the end of the 19th century.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Baroque is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 5656 5302 1575 451 288 132 56
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the pentagonal adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobe, a closed petiole sinus, an elongated central lobe, moderate size teeth with straight sides, moderate anthocyanin coloration, clistered leaf blade and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs, 
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 196 244 238 245 239
Allel 2 153 232 249 186 200 256 254 267 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is vigorous and has an erect bearing. It is usually long pruned. Difficulty with maturation may occur under intense drought conditions.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Baroque, due to its compact bunches, is very susceptible to grey rot. On the other hand, it resits fairly well to powdery mildew and to black rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. The quality potential of this variety is intersting and the wines produced are rather fine, lively and fruity.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Baroque clones carry the numbers 351, 390, 391 and 392. A conservatory of 60 or so clones was planted in 2007 in the Landes region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
351 Landes ENTAV 1975 Gers
Landes
Little difference between the four Baroque clones (351, 390, 391, 392) which are not widely distributed. Only the clone 351 has a slightly higher degree than the others. They all produce dry white wines of good typicity.
390 Landes ENTAV 1975 Gers
Landes
Little difference between the four Baroque clones (351, 390, 391, 392) which are not widely distributed. Only the clone 351 has a slightly higher degree than the others. They all produce dry white wines of good typicity.
391 Landes ENTAV 1975 Gers
Landes
Little difference between the four Baroque clones (351, 390, 391, 392) which are not widely distributed. Only the clone 351 has a slightly higher degree than the others. They all produce dry white wines of good typicity.
392 Landes ENTAV 1975 Gers
Landes
Little difference between the four Baroque clones (351, 390, 391, 392) which are not widely distributed. Only the clone 351 has a slightly higher degree than the others. They all produce dry white wines of good typicity.