Barbaroux Rs
Name of the variety in France
Barbaroux
Origin
This variety is grown in Corsica under the name Barbarossa which appears to be of Provencal origin.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Barbaroux is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 265 158 180 197 87 45 23
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves,
- the adult leaves with three, five or seven lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a closed petiole sinus, long teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration, an involute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a pink, non homogeneous skin color.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 192 248 238 253 249
Allel 2 131 232 249 180 204 256 254 257 255
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is very fertile and has low to moderate vigor. Barbaroux growing should be reserved to soils of low fertility and hot climates.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Barbaroux is rather susceptible to powdery mildew and to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are large. Long maturation is necessary to obtain enough degrees. The products obtained (white vinification) are intense yellow (golden with amber tones), aromatic but not very acidic and light bodied.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Barbaroux clone carries the number 937.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Les cépages insulaires ou le Riacquistu des cépages corses. CRVI de Corse, 2016, San Giuliano, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
937 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1988 Haute-Corse medium to high low to medium low low medium high medium medium medium distinctive wines of the variety Clone consistent with the characteristics of the variety.