Assyrtiko B
Name of the variety in France
Assyrtiko
Origin
This variety is originally from Greece.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Assyrtiko is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2015 on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
2018
ha 1.4
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a piping anthocyanin coloration and a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the green yellow young leaves, with a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the medium to large adult leaves, with three lobes, a very open U- or V-shaped petiole sinus, lateral sinuses with a fairly frequet tooth inside, small and numerous teeth, medium compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a slightly revolute, moderately blistered leaf blade, undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the roud-shaped or ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 238 243 176 188 252 238 235 255
Allel 2 133 238 249 191 202 258 240 243 257
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 5 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Assyrtiko is a vigorous, moderately productive and late-season variety, with a semi-erect bearing. In its region of origin, this variety seems to be very tolerant to drought, heat waves and wind. It can be pruned short (gobelet or cordon) or pruned as a simple Guyot.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Assyrtiko is sensitive to grape moths (European Grapevine moth) but does not seem to be particularly susceptible to other diseases.
Technological potentiality
Assyrtiko's bunches are medium in size and compact. The berries a medium, simple-flavored, with a juicy pulp and a thick, rich in tannins skin. When ripe, the berries of this Mediterranean variety keep a very good acidity, with a moderate to high sugar concentration. Assyrtiko produces white dry or sometime sweet wines or sparkling wines, that are suited to ageig but that may be sensitive to oxidation. This variety's typical and complex aromas are mineral, flinty notes, citrus, wax, hazelnut and pineapple.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Assyrtiko clone carries the number 1281.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Ampélographie hellénique. B. Krimbas, 1943, Greece.
- Plaquettes Hellenifera. K. Bakasietas, S. Petropoulos and G. Tavaditis, 2019, Greece.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1281 Grèce VNB - IFV 2018