Arrufiac B
Name of the variety in France
Arrufiac
Origin
Arrufiac is a native variety from the south west of France (Adour valley).
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Arrufiat" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Arrufiac is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 271 178 99 119 93 31
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves with slightly bronze spots,
- the shoots with red or red striped internodes,
- the adult leaves with U-shaped deep lateral sinuses with a fairly frequet tooth inside, with often naked petiole veins, a strong anthocyanin coloration of veins and petioles, a blistered, undulate leaf blade and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the conical-shaped grape clusters, a little compact,
- the round-shaped or slightly ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 249 176 200 256 240 233 239
Allel 2 141 229 262 178 204 260 254 233 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety has good vigor. Its fertility is generally good but can be irregular. It can sometimes be susceptible to millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Arrufiac is rather susceptible to downy mildew and black rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and the berries small with thick skin. This variety has an interesting qualitative potential, particularly regarding its aromas and its typicity.
Clonal selection in France
The five certified Arrufiac clones carry the numbers 405, 652, 653, 921 and 922. Two conservatories were set up in 1996 and 1997 in the French departments of Gers and Hautes-Pyrénées to preserve approximately 150 clones.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
405 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1976 Sud-Ouest medium low low to medium medium to high low to medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety susceptible to coulure
652 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest 0.40 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium fine wines, representative of the variety later maturity clone
653 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1980 Sud-Ouest medium low low to medium medium to high low to medium medium to high medium representative wines of the variety susceptible to coulure
921 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1988 Sud-Ouest 0.19 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium medium distinctive wines of the vine variety
922 Pyrénées-Atlantiques ENTAV 1988 Sud-Ouest medium medium to high medium to high medium high low to medium medium fine wines, representative of the variety later maturity clone