Arbane B
Name of the variety in France
Arbane
Origin
This variety from the north east of France is seemingly from Aube.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Arbane is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1979 1988 2018
ha 2 4 2 6.7
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium to hight density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the small adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, low anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth leaf blade, slightly folded at the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs, 
- the round-shaped or broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 188 240 240 235 251
Allel 2 141 236 257 182 194 260 254 253 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Arbane is a vigorous variety and has a long growing cycle: early budburst and a fairly late grape maturity. In northrn regions, this variety must be grown in the best exposed areas. Arbane produces very limited yields.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is fairly sensitive to diseases, particularly to downy mildew.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are very small. Arbane produces dry, lively quality white wines, with fine bouquet. The sugar accumulation potential is high while maintaining good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Arbane clone carries the number 1178. Surveys have recently been carried out in vineyards of the north-east of France. A conservatory of twenty four clones was planted in 2003 in Champagne.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
1178 Champagne CIVC - IFV 2012 distinctive wines of the vine variety