Aramon N
Name of the variety in France
Aramon
Origin
This variety from the Languedoc is, based on published genetic analyses, probably a descendant of Gouais blanc and Ouliven.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Aramon is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Cyprus and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 150230 124052 63487 34666 11943 4429 1141
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high or very high density of prostate hairs and a piping anthocyanin coloration, 
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaves with three lobes, a V-shaped open petiole sinus, small teeth, long compared to their width at the base, straight sides or with one side concave and one convex, and an involute leaf blade,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 239 178 188 240 240 227 249
Allel 2 141 232 243 191 196 260 254 259 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 3 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Aramon is a very fertile variety, wih low vigor and has a drooping bearing. It must be short pruned. In hot climates and too fertile soils, it sometimes has a tendancy to become depleted. It is sensitive to heat ("sunburn").
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Aramon is not very susceptible to powdery mildew but can be more affected by downy mildew and phomopsis. It is also very sensitive to mites.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are large and the berries very large. This variety is very productive and generally produces not very characteristic products that lack color. Berries' sugar accumulation potential is low.
Clonal selection in France
The five certified Aramon clones carry the numbers 204, 323, 324, 325 and 401. A conservatory of almost 80 clones was planted in 1997 in the French department of Aude.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
204 Hérault ENTAV 1973 representative wines of the variety high production level
323 Aude ENTAV 1975 Languedoc medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
324 Aude ENTAV 1975 Languedoc high medium to high medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
325 Aude ENTAV 1975 Languedoc medium high high medium medium representative wines of the variety
401 Aude ENTAV 1975 Languedoc medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety