Aligoté B
Name of the variety in France
Aligoté
Origin
Based on published genetic studies, this variety grown in Bourgogne (Burgundy) would result from the crossbreeding of Pinot and Gouais blanc.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Aligoté is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Romania and the Czech Republic.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 1883 1753 1188 1276 1724 1897 1974
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red internodes,
- the entire adult leaves, with a V or U-shaped slightly open petiole sinus, medium length teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a high anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute leaf blade, and on the lower side of the the leaf, a low density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 225 239 176 194 244 238 227 239
Allel 2 135 238 239 186 196 246 238 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Aligoté is a fertile variety adapted to northern areas. It is frequently affected by millerandage.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
This variety is not very affected by powdery mildew, but is quite susceptible to downy mildew and grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and the berries are small. Aligoté wines are lively and thus are not suitable for ageing. Depending on the terroir, the vintage and the yeilds, they are more or less aromatic and can display a particular typicality.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Aligoté clones carry the numbers 263, 264, 402, 651, 920, 935 and 936. Two conservatories of more than 30 clones were planted in the French departments of Saône-et-Loire and Cote-d'Or in 1991 and 1993.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
263 Côte-d'Or ENTAV 1973 1,13 ha medium low to medium low medium to high representative wines of the variety susceptible to millerandage
264 Côte-d'Or ENTAV 1973 Burgundy 1,81 ha medium medium medium high well-balanced wines, representative of the variety susceptible to millerandage
402 Côte-d'Or ENTAV 1976 Burgundy medium high high high low representative wines of the variety productive clone
651 Côte-d'Or ENTAV 1980 Burgundy 1,92 ha medium medium medium high representative wines of the variety, balanced with fine aromas clone appreciated for its regularity of production, its high sugar content and the quality of the wines obtained.
920 Saône-et-Loire ENTAV 1988 Burgundy 0,01 ha high distinctive white of the vine variety productive clone
935 Saône-et-Loire ENTAV 1988 Burgundy Clone not widely distributed.
936 Saône-et-Loire ENTAV 1988 Burgundy Clone not widely distributed.