Alicante Henri Bouschet N
Name of the variety in France
Alicante Henri Bouschet
Origin
This variety was obtained by Louis and Henri Bouschet in 1855 at Mauguio (Hérault) by crossbreeding Grenache with Petit Bouschet (Aramon X Teinturier du Cher).
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Alicante Bouschet" regarding plant propagation material. In Spain, Alicante Henri Bouschet is officially designated as "Garnacha tintorera".
Legal information
In France, Alicante Henri Bouschet is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues in other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Italy and Portugal.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 24168 20563 21996 15769 9393 7104 2460
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs and a piping anthocynanin coloration,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the entire adult leaves with medium vein anthocyanin coloration, a revolute, a shiny and smooth leaf blade whose anthocyanin colorotion becomes intense in autumn and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a colored pulp,
- the canes that are generally yellow.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 178 188 244 240 243 249
Allel 2 143 236 243 191 188 258 240 259 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks and a half to 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is quite vigorous but must be short pruned because it tends to become depleted. It is also quite sensitive to wind.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Alicante Henri Bouschet is not very sensitive to powdery mildew. However, it is quite susceptible to downy mildew, phomopsis, flavescence dorée and to bacterial necrosis. It is also susceptible to wood diseases.
Technological potentiality
The bunches are medium to large and the berries are medium in size. This teinturier variety is essentially used for its color input. Wines obtained have a good body, are often flat and are lacking finesse and elegance.
Clonal selection in France
The four certified Alicante Henri Bouschet clones carry the numbers 540, 803, 804 and 805.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
540 Gard ENTAV 1978 0,05 ha low to medium low to medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
803 Hérault ENTAV 1985 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
3,30 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
804 Hérault ENTAV 1985 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
0,60 ha medium to high medium to high medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety
805 Hérault ENTAV 1985 Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
0,87 ha medium medium medium medium medium medium representative wines of the variety