Aléatico N
Name of the variety in France
Aléatico
Origin
This variety has been found in Corsica for a long time and would seemingly be from Italy (Tuscany).
Synonyms
In France, this variety can officially be called "Aleaticu" regarding plant propagation material.
Legal information
In France, Aléatico is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Italy and Malta.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 42 25 30 14 20
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the bronzed and reddish young leaves,
- the adult leaves with three or five lobes, a barely open petiole sinus, long teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or very low density of erect hairs and a very low density of prostate hairs,
- the round or obloid berries, slightly muscat flavored with a blue black or red black skin when ripe.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 186 250 248 235 263
Allel 2 133 225 249 191 196 256 254 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fairly fertile and has good vigor. It has an erect bearing and can be short pruned. It is recommended for hot and dry terrain.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Aléatico is very sensitive to powdery mildew, grey rot and sour rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and berries are medium in size. This variety with mucat aromas, has good accumulation potential of sugars in the berries and satisfactory titrable acidity. It gives bright, shiny but not very intense in color wines. It seems well adapted for making natural sweet wines. The muscat flavor is often slight and sometimes fleeting.
Clonal selection in France
The seven certified Aléatico clones carry the numbers 802, 859, 860, 861, 892, 893 and 894.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
- Les cépages insulaires ou le Riacquistu des Cépages Corses. CRVI de Corse, 2016, San Giuliano, France.
- Registro nazionale delle varieta di vite. Ministère de l’agriculture italien [web site, visited in 2020].
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
802 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1985 Haute-Corse medium high high medium medium medium
859 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1986 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
860 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1986 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
861 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1986 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
892 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
893 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.
894 Haute-Corse ENTAV 1987 Haute-Corse Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the characteristics of the variety. Under study.