Airén B
Name of the variety in France
Airen comes from Spain or North Africa, and is mainly grown in the Spanish region of la Mancha.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Airén is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2020 on the A list but is not yet classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Spain.
Table and wine grape variety.
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the white tip of the young shoot with a high density on prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves, with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the adult leaves with five lobes, an open or slightly open U- or V-shaped petiole sinus, with often a tooth on the edge, long teeth compared to their width at the base with convex or straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a thick, involute, finely blistered or smooth leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium to high density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries, that can become slightly pink when over-ripe.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 141 223 243 178 188 248 254 233 251
Allel 2 143 232 253 191 200 260 254 243 271
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Airen is a productive, vigorous and rather rustic variety, with a drooping bearing. When planted in low density, Airen puts up well with hot and dry summers, even in poor soils.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Airen is sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
Airen's bunches are large in size, winged, up to 1kg, and rather loose. The berries are large, with a simple flavor, a moderately thick or thick skin and a juicy pulp. In its region of origin, Airen wines are not very acidic, slightly aromatic, rather alcoholic ans sensitive to oxidation. They are not very suitable for ageing and should be consumed quickly. Airen can also be blended to produce red wines or be distilled to give brandy.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
- Variedades de Vid en España. F. Cabello et al., 2011, Ed. Agricola Española, Spain.