Abouriou N
Name of the variety in France
Abouriou
Origin
This variety is probably originally from the Lot-et-Garonne (the area around Villeréal). It was reported at the end of the 19th century by Numa Naugé.
Synonyms
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Legal information
In France, Abouriou is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of cultivated areas in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2000 2008 2018
ha 0.5 898 369 539 488 474 319
Descriptive elements
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs and a piping distribution of anthocyanin coloration,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular adult leaves with five lobes, fairly deep lateral sinuses, an open lyre-shaped petiole sinus, moderate length teeth with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered, twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the blade, a low density of prostate and erect hairs,
- the berries that are round or slightly ellipsoid.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 234 247 178 194 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 149 234 247 182 204 260 248 243 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Due to its earliness, its fertility (possibility of short pruning) and its moderate vigor, this variety appears well adapted to difficult and marginal climatic conditions.
Susceptibility to diseases and pests
Abouriou is not very susceptible to diseases and resists fairly well to grey rot.
Technological potentiality
The bunches and the berries are medium in size. This variety produces very colored, full-bodied, rather tannic wines but that lack acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Abouriou clones carry the numbers 603 and 604. A conservatory of 50 or so clones was planted in 2006 in the French department of Lot-et-Garonne.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones certified in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technological data Autres informations
Clone no. Marque Origin Selection Year of
certification
Agronomic
references
Surface area used
for propagation (year)
Fertility Production
level
Bunch
weight
Vigor Berry
size
Susceptibility
to grey rot
Sugar
level
Color
potential
Titrable
acidity
Tannic
structure
Aromatic
intensity
Oenological
suitability
New General
note
Agro-tecnic
note
Note
agronomique
Agronomic
note
Links
603 Lot-et-Garonne ENTAV 1979 Tarn-et-Garonne 0,35 ha Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the average type of the variety and did not show significant differences in collection.
604 Lot-et-Garonne ENTAV 1979 Tarn-et-Garonne 0,36 ha Clone not widely distributed, consistent with the average type of the variety and did not show significant differences in collection.