Teleki 5 C
Name of vine variety in France (and common name)
Teleki 5 C (5 C)
Breeder and year of obtention
Alexandre Teleki and Heinrich Birk, 1896
Genetic origin
This variety is derived from the crossbreeding of Vitis berlandieri and Vitis riparia from Europe.
Evolution of areas under rootstock nurseries
1945 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
Rank 36 19 18 11 17 15 16
ha 0.2 9 41 44 13 16 12
Estimated surface area of French vineyards grafted with this rootstock and the main areas of use
900 ha. Alsace, Bourgogne, Franche-Comté
Ampelographic description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot is half opened to closed, green, with a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green,
- vigorous shoots, elongated, dull green with a jagged contour, a slightly elliptical section with a sparse to moderate coat of upright hairs on the veins,
- bifid or trifid tendrils, sometimes ending with an embyronic flower bud,
- adult leaves are large, wedge-shaped, upturned with a U or open V-shaped petiolar sinus, teeth with straight sides, mucronate, green veins and the underside with a sparse to moderate coat of upright hairs, particularly on the vein fork.  
- male flowers,
- purplish brown vine shoots.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 143 234 231 238 200 252 238 214 259
Allel 2 147 263 264 246 210 260 246 251 259
Resistance to soil parasites
5 C displays good degree of tolerance to phylloxera radicicole. It is also very resistant to Meloidogyne incognita nematodes.
Adapt to environment
5 C resists up to 35% of total limestone and 20% of active limestone. Its resistance to ferric chlorosis can be considered as medium to good.
Interaction with grafts and production objectives
5 C displays substantial vigor with grafts without delaying maturity. Quality results are achieved particularly with Riesling B.
Aptitudes for plant propagation
This rootstock is a good wood producer (40 000 to 90 000 m/ha) and has good capacity for propagation by cuttings and grafting. Its internodes are long, moderate diameter with limited growth of lateral shoots.
Resistance to aerial parasites
Low to medium susceptibility to phylloxera gallicole and high resistance to downy mildew.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved 5 C clones carry the numbers 68 and 236.