1616 Couderc
Name of vine variety in France (and common name)
1616 Couderc (1616 C)
Breeder and year of obtention
Georges Couderc, 1882
Genetic origin
This variety is derived from the crossbreeding of Vitis longii and Vitis riparia.
Evolution of areas under rootstock nurseries
1945 1955 1965 1975 1985 1995 2005 2015
Rank 16 14 20 22 24 25 25 25
ha 6 8 6 4 1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Estimated surface area of French vineyards grafted with this rootstock and the main areas of use
150 ha. Languedoc-Roussillon
Ampelographic description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot is closed and has a medium to heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green,
- the shoot has an absence of flat-lying and upright hairs,
- adult leaves are wedge-shaped with a very open petiolar sinus, very long teeth compared to width with one concave and one convex side, three terminal teeth on the central main vein and two principle adjacent lateral veins which are longer and more developed. The underside has a medium to heavy coat of upright hairs,
- flowers are female,
- the berries are very small, round-shaped with a bluish black skin color,
- the vine shoots have an absence of flat-lying and upright hairs.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 261 239 238 190 256 238 241 236
Allel 2 139 265 251 242 191 258 242 249 236
Resistance to soil parasites
The degree of tolerance of 1616 C to radicicolae phylloxera is high with good resistance to the nematodes Meloidogyne arenaria and Meloidogyne incognita.
Adapt to environment
The degree of tolerance of 1616c to chlorosis is low to medium and it resists only 11% to active limestone. Its adaptation to humidity is fairly good in addition to its tolerance to chlorides. 1616 C is well-adapted to sandy clay soils.
Interaction with grafts and production objectives
The vigor of 1616 C is low. This root stock produces good quality products.
Aptitudes for plant propagation
1616 C is a moderate wood producer (40 000 to 60 000 m/ha) and has a good capacity for propagation by cuttings and grafting. Wiuth vigorous root stocks, the roll at the graft can become quite large.
Resistance to aerial parasites
1616 C has good tolerance to gallicolae phylloxera and good resistance to downy mildew and anthracnosis.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved 1616 C clones carry the numbers 98 and 763.