Xinomavro N
Name of vine variety in France
Xinomavro
Origin
This variety is originally from Greece.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Xinomavro is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" since 2015 on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Greece.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2018
ha 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green yellowish young leaves,
- the shoots with red-striped internodes,
- the dark green, entire adult leaves, with a closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a moderately to strongly blistered, sometimes goffered leaf blade, involute on the edges and undulate between the veins, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a significant bloom.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 249 176 194 238 238 227 249
Allel 2 131 232 249 178 204 252 240 243 251
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 5 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Xinomavro is a vigorous and productive variety with a semi-erect or erect bearing. It must preferentially be pruned short and grown onto light soils, with a limited fertility, for the production of red wines. As a late-season variety, it needs high temperatures during the season and a good pruning and trellising management to reach a proper maturity. Xinomavro may be susceptible to potassium and boron deficiency.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Xinomavro is sensitive to downy mildew, powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
Xinomavro's bunches and berries are medium in size. The berries have a juicy pulp. The wines have a rather high acidity, tannins and a moderate color. This variety can produce a large range of wines, from the ligh and aromatic rosé to the tannic, full-bodied red wines that are suited to barrel ageing. Thanks to its acidity level, Xinomavro can also be used to make "blanc de noir" sparkling wines. Too high yields or an insufficient maturity can lead to unbalanced wines. Xinomavro's typical aromas are complex and involve red berries and spices.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Xinomavro clone carries the number 1255.
Bibliographic references
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Ampélographie hellénique. B. Krimbas, 1943, Greece.
- Plaquettes Hellenifera. K. Bakasietas, S. Petropoulos and G. Tavaditis, 2019, Greece.
- Wine Grapes. J. Robinson et al., 2012, Ed. Penguin, England.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1255  Grèce  VNB - IFV        
 2016