Villard noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Villard noir
Origin
Villard noir (an interspecific hybrid) is the result of the crossbreeding between Chancellor (or 7053 Seibel) and Subéreux (or 6905 Seibel).
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "18315 Seyve-Villard" regarding plant propagation material. There is no officially recognized synonym in the other countries of the European Union.
Regulations
In France, Villard noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1998 2008 2018
ha 27174 30375 7785 3245 1679 960
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot that is half open, with a low density of prostate hairs, 
- the shiny green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the small, entire, circular or wedge-shaped adult leaves, with a slightly opened U- or V-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, an involute, very strongly goffered, gutter-folded leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no or a very low density of erect hairs,
- the ellipsoid or ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 237 184 178 250 242 235 255
Allel 2 141 232 260 186 202 262 254 237 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Villard noir is moderately vigorous, very fertile with a semi-erect bearing. It can be pruned moderately long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Villard noir resists well against downy mildew and fairly well to powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is a little susceptible to anthracnose and grey rot and must be grafted.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. The sugar potential of this variety is good. Villard noir produces ordinary, well colored wines with diglucoside anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Villard noir clone carries the number 1202.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1202  Hérault  IFV - INRA        
 2013  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety