Villard noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Villard noir
Origin
Villard noir N or 18315 Seyve-Villard (an interpsecific hybrid) is derived from the crossbreeding of Chancellor N (or 7053 Seibel and Subéreux N (or 6905 Seibel).
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "18315 Seyve-Villard" for plant propagating material.
Regulations
In France, Villard noir N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine grape vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1998 2008 2016
ha 27174 30375 7785 3245 1679 991
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a sparse cover of flat-lying hairs, 
- the young leaves are shiny green with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are small, orbicular or wedge-shaped, whole with a U shaped or slightly opened V-shaped petiolar sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes; moderate to long teeth compared to width at base, straight sides; low anthocyanin coloration of veins; an upturned leaf blade, folded, very heavily cuppped and the underside with an absence of slight cover of upright hairs,
- elliptical or ovoid-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 137 223 237 184 178 250 242 235 255
Allel 2 141 232 260 186 202 262 254 237 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Villard noir N is moderately vigorous, very fertile and grows semi-erect. It can be moderately long pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Villard noir N resists well against downy mildew and fairly well to powdery mildew. On the other hand, it is somewhat susceptible to anthracnose disease and grey rot and must be grafted.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are moderate size. Good sugar potential. Villard noir N can produce ordinary, well colored wines with the presence of diglucoside anthocyanins.
Clonal selection in France
There are no approved clones for this variety at the present time.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1988, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1202  Hérault  IFV - INRA        
 2013  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety