Vermentino B
Name of vine variety in France
Vermentino
Origin
This variety, grown in Corsica and in Provence for a very long time, would originally be from Italy.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Rolle", "Garbesso" or "Vermentinu" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Vermentino can officially be designated as "Favorita" and "Pigato".
Regulations
In France, Vermentino is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Italy, Malta and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 2106 1057 833 2507 3089 6333
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the circular, dark green adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, deep lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, slightly goffered and blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 232 249 176 200 250 240 235 249
Allel 2 149 236 249 178 204 260 248 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather productive and vigorous, must be pruned short. Careful training is preferable in order to maintain vegetation. This southern variety is well adapted to hot areas and to dry and not very fertile terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Vermentino is a little sensitive to grey rot, moderately sensitive to sour rot and quite sensitive to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are large. Vermentino produces quality white wines, pleasant and with nice pale color. These fine balanced and full-bodied wines have an interesting aromatic richness (floral aromas of hawthorn, fruity pear aromas, etc.) even if they sometimes lack acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The fourteen certified Vermentino clones carry the numbers 639, 640, 766, 795, 856, 876, 912, 913, 914, 915, 963, 964, 1081 and 1082. A conservatory of 50 or so clones was planted in the Corsican wine-growing region in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
639  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  
 1978  Corse  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1.62 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
640  Non précisée  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1978  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
 7.44 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
Clone well representative of the vine variety
766  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1981  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
 0.81 ha  medium    medium  well-balanced and aromatic wines
Clone appreciated for the quality of the wines produced
795  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  low to medium  
 1984  Corse  medium  medium  medium to high  
 0.71 ha  medium    medium  lively wines distinctive of the vine variety
Clone interesting for its acidity input when blended
856  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1984  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
 1.33 ha  medium    medium  well-balanced, aromatic wines
Clone appreciated for the quality of the wines produced
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
876  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1984  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
 0.24 ha  medium    medium  well-balanced, aromatic wines
912  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  
 1987  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
   medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
913  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1987  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
   medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
914  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium to high  
 1987  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
 0.24 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
915  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  low to medium  
 1987  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
   medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
963  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1990  Corse        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms to vine variety characteristics.
964  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1990  Corse        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms to vine variety characteristics. Appears to have a lower production level.
1081  Corse-du-Sud  CIVAM Corse - ENTAV  high  medium  medium  
 2004  Corse  medium  medium  medium  
   medium    medium  well-balanced, aromatic wines
Clone appreciated for the quality of the wines produced
1082  Corse-du-Sud  CIVAM Corse - ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 2004  Corse  medium  medium to high  high  
   low to medium    medium  lively and distinctive of the vine variety wines
Clone interesting for its acidity input when blended