Verdelho B
Name of vine variety in France
Verdelho
Origin
Verdelho is a Portuguese variety found on Madeira Island and in the Douro valley.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Verdelho is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 2018
ha 2 4
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the circular or slightly kidney-shaped adult leaves, entire or with shallow lateral sinuses, with a slightly open or closed U-shaped petiole sinus, small to medium teeth, short except those corresponding to the main veins which are longer, a weak to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a blistered leaf blade, folded at the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 219 239 178 194 248 240 233 255
Allel 2 149 229 257 186 196 252 248 245 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 1 week and a half to 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Verdelho has a moderate to strong vigor and a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. It should be trained and can be pruned short or moderately long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Verdelho is not very sensitive to downy mildew and to grey rot but is quite susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
Verdelho's bunches are small to medium in size and the berries are medium in size. The sugar accumulation potential is moderate to good. This variety produces appreciated, elegant, fragrant dry and sweet wines, with a good acidity, that are suitable for ageing.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Verdelho clones carry the numbers 6005 and 6006.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
6005  Maine-et-Loire  IFV  medium  medium  medium  
 2006  Languedoc  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
6006  Maine-et-Loire  IFV  low  low  medium  
 2006  Languedoc  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety