Velteliner rouge précoce Rs
Name of vine variety in France
Velteliner rouge précoce
Origin
This vine variety is possibly originally from the North of Italy.
Synonymy
There are no officially recognized synonyms for this vine variety in France. In the European Union, Velteliner rouge précoce Rs can officially be called by other names: Früher roter Malvasier (Germany), Früher Malvasier (Germany), Malvasier (Germany, Austria), Malvoisie (Germany), Frühroter Veltliner (Austria), Korai piros veltelini (Hungary), Veltlínske červené skoré (Slovakia) and Veltlinské cervenobilé (Czech Republic).
Regulations
In France, Velteliner rouge précoce Rs is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Hungary, Czech Republic and Slovakia.
Use
Wine grape vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 2000 2008 2016
ha 9 3 4 6.8
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the shoots have red internodes,
- adult leaves are pentagonal-shaped with 3 or 5 lobes, a slightly open to open petiolar sinus, deep lateral sinuses with a U-shaped base and slightly overlapping lobes; short to moderate size teeth with convex sides; moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins and the underside with a sparse coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- slightly elliptical-shaped berries with pink colored skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 229 247 186 192 252 240 235 263
Allel 2 149 238 253 191 204 252 248 267 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas. Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This vine variety is vigorous and should preferably be long pruned and trellised.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Velteliner rouge précoce Rs is fairly susceptible to diseases, particularly to downy mildew, powdery mildew and grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are small. Velteliner rouge précoce Rs produces generous, fatty, pleasant and aromatic wines (which sometimes tend to become maderized).
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Velteliner rouge précoce Rs clone carries the number 962. A conservatory with a dozen clones was set up in the Savoir vineyards in 1999.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
962  Savoie  ENTAV  high  medium to high  high  
 1990    medium  medium to low  low to medium  
   low to medium  high  medium to high  
Clone susceptible to acid rot