Terret noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Terret noir
Origin
Terret noir is originally from the Languedoc region.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Terret noir is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 131 151 1149 808 623 273 65
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the green or yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adult leaveswith three lobes, U-shaped lateral sinuses with overlapping lobes, a slightly open or closed petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium teeth with straight or convex sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped or slightly ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 243 176 188 252 238 257 239
Allel 2 131 223 247 182 204 252 240 257 239
Phenology
Bud burst: 9 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Terret noir has an erect bearing and is well adapted to gobelet or cordon training systems.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Terret noir is rather sensitive to downy mildew and powdery mildew. It is also susceptible to wood diseases.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries are medium in size. Terret noir produces light, not very alcoholic and not very colored wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Terret noir clone carries the number 1084.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1084  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 2004  Domaine de l'Espiguette
Languedoc
 low    medium  
   low to medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety