Tempranillo N
Name of vine variety in France
Tempranillo
Origin
Tempranillo is originally from Spain (Rioja). Based on published genetic analyses, it would be the result of a crossbreeding between Albillo Mayor and Benedicto.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France. In the European Union, Tempranillo can officially be called by other names: Aragonez (Portugal), Tinta roris (Cyprus) and Tinto tempranillo (Cyprus).
Regulations
In France, Tempranillo is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Malta, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 551 2341 1556 1127 373
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high to very high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the large, pentagonal, bluish-green adult leaves, with five lobes with an elongated central lobe, deep lateral sinuses, a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth with straight sides, a twisted, undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus or slightly goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect hairs on the veins and a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 234 239 180 196 248 240 257 249
Allel 2 143 234 253 180 200 252 254 257 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather rustic and vigorous. It is well adapted to southern conditions but its branches are brittle and it is sensitive to the wind. Its early nature makes it possible to widen its growing areas (cooler climatic zones) and to harvest it before equinox rains. It is sufficiently fertile to be pruned short, but sometimes Tempranillo can show a certain alternation.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Tempranillo is not veyr sensitive to grey rot. It is especially susceptible to eutypa dieback and leafhoppers.
Technological potential
The bunches are large (elongated) and the berries medium in size. In favorable terroirs, Tempranillo produces very pleasant, nicely colored and full-bodied quality wines but that are lacking acidity in hot zones. The quality and the alcohol degree drop quickly when the yields become excessive.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Tempranillo clones carry the numbers 770, 771 and 776.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
770  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low  
 1982  Languedoc  medium      
 7.63 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Less lobed leaves
771  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1982  Languedoc  low      
 4.00 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Leaves with more lobes, shorter grape clusters
776  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1982  Languedoc  medium      
 4.24 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Less lobed leaves. Clone somewhat irregular.