Tempranillo N
Name of vine variety in France
Tempranillo N is originally from Spain (Rioja).
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France.In the European Union, Tempranillo N can officially be called by other names: Aragonez (Portugal), Cencibel (Spain), Cencibal (Malta), Palomino Negro (Sapin), Tinta roris (Cyprus), Tinta Roriz (Portugal), Tinta de Toro (Spain), Tinta del Pais (Spain), Tinto Fino (Spain), Tinto tempranillo (Cyprus), Ull de Llebre (Spain).
In France, Tempranillo N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Spain, Greece, Malta, Portugal and Italy.
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 551 2341 1556 1127 396
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a dense to very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are yellow,
- adult leaves are pentagonal, large in size, bluish green, 5-lobed with the central elongated lobe; a petiole sinus with overlapping lobes, deep lateral sinuses; moderate to long teeth with straight sides; jagged leaf blade, wavy between the veins near the petiole point or slightly cupped and the underside with a moderate coat of upright hairs on the veins and a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 141 234 239 180 196 248 240 257 249
Allel 2 143 234 253 180 200 252 254 257 251
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is rather rustic and vigorous and is well adapted to southern conditions but its branches are brittle and it is sensitive to wind. Its early nature increases its growing areas (cooler climatic zones) and be harvested before equinox rains. It is sufficiently fertile to be short pruned, but sometimes exhibits a certain alternation.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Tempranillo N is relatively insensitive to grey rot. It is especially susceptible to eutypiose and leaf hoppers.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large (elongated) and the berries moderate in size. In favorable terroirs, Tempranillo N can produce quality, very pleasant, nicely colored and full-bodied wines but it lacks acidity in hot zones. The quality and alcohol degree drop quickly when the yields become excessive.
Clonal selection in France
The 3 approved Tempranillo N clones carry the numbers 770, 771 and 776.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1901-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
770  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low  
 1982  Languedoc  medium      
 7.63 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Less lobed leaves
771  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  medium  medium  high  
 1982  Languedoc  low      
 4.00 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Leaves with more lobes, shorter grape clusters
776  Espagne (Rioja)  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  
 1982  Languedoc  medium      
 4.24 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
Less lobed leaves. Clone somewhat irregular.