Tannat N
Name of vine variety in France
Tannat
Origin
This variety is originally from the Pyrenees vineyards.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France. In Bulgaria, Tannat N can officially be called by the name "Tanat".
Regulations
In France, Tannat N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Bulgaria, Greece, Portugal and Italy.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 4192 3925 3256 2891 2931 3147 2835
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are reddish color with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are dark green, pentagonal, whole, 3 or 5-lobes with a central elongated lobe; a slightly open or closed petiole sinus; short teeth with straight sides, moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a revolute leaf blade, bubbled, sometimes wavy between the principle veins and the underside with a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 236 249 182 194 240 254 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 243 255
Phenology
Bud burst: 4 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Tannat N is a fairly vigorous variety which is usually long pruned and must be trellised.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Tannat N is sensitive to mites and leaf hoppers. It is likewise somewhat sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are large while the berries are small to moderate in size. Tannat N produces colored, very tannic and lively (slightly hard acidity). This variety produces quality, powerful, full-bodied with ageing capacity wines.
Clonal selection in France
The 12 approved Tannat N clones carry the numbers 398, 399, 472, 473, 474, 475, 717, 794, 944, 1048, 1154 and 1175. A conservatory with over 300 clones was set up in 1995 in Pyrénées-Atlantiques.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
398  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  medium
 1975  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium to high  medium  medium to high
 3.41 ha  medium to high      balanced wines with finesse and aromatic intensity
399  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  medium  medium
 1975  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  high  low to medium
 0.83 ha  medium to high      distinctive wines of the vine variety
More compact grape clusters
472  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low  medium to high
 1976  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  medium
 0.89 ha  medium to high      distinctive wines of the vine variety
473  Non précisée  ENTAV  low to medium  high to low  low to medium  low
 1976  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  low to medium  low to medium  low to medium
 0.88 ha  medium      supple less tannic wines
474  Landes  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  high  medium to high
 1976  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium to high  medium to high
 3.25 ha  low      very distinctive of the vine variety wines
Earlier maturity clone, appreciated for its agronomic characters and the quality of the wines produced
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
475  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  medium to high
 1976  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.61 ha  medium to high      tannic wines lacking a bit of finesse
717  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  medium to high
 1979  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  low to medium  high
 4.80 ha  low to medium      balanced, full-bodied, refined wines with a powerful nose
Looser grape clusters, earlier maturity. Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced.
794  Landes  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  medium
 1981  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  medium to high
 3.14 ha  medium      structured and balanced wines
944  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  INRA  low to medium  medium  medium  medium
 1989  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  low to medium
 2.88 ha  medium to high      powerful and distinctive wines of the vine variety
1048  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  CA 64 - ENTAV  medium to high  medium to high  low to medium  low to medium
 1999  Sud-Ouest  low to medium  medium to high  medium  low to medium
 0.45 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1154  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  CA 64 - IFV  medium to high  low  high  high to medium
 2010  Sud-Ouest  low  medium to high  medium  high to medium
   medium to low  medium to low  medium to high  aromatic, powerful and concentrated wines
Moderate production level. Wines appreciated for their organoleptic qualities
1175  Pyrénées-Atlantiques  CA64 - IFV  medium  medium  medium to high  medium to high
 2011  Sud-Ouest  medium to low  medium  medium  medium to high
   medium  medium to low  medium  fruity wines, less acidic and fattier than the other approved clones
Lower than average production level. Wines appreciated for their organoleptic qualities