Sultanine B
Name of vine variety in France
Sultanine
Origin
This table grape variety of natural origin is grown in many countries.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union Sultanine can officially be called by other names: Sultanina (Bulgaria, Portugal, Spain), Sultanina bianca (Italy) and Soultanina (Greece).
Regulations
In France, Sultanine is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain.
Use
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2018
ha 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low or very low density of prostate hairs,
- the shiny yellow young leaves,
- the circular adult leaves, entire or with threelobes, with a petiole sinus with overlapping or very overlapping lobes, short to medium teeth with straight sides, the one corresponding to the main veins are a little longer, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a smooth, thin, shiny, involute on the edges, and sometimes goffered leaf blade, folded near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the narrow ellipsoid or ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 143 232 239 178 188 248 238 216 249
Allel 2 149 232 253 191 188 260 248 243 249
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks to 3 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sultanine is an extremely vigorous variety, with a semi-erect to horizontal bearing. It must be trellised and pruned long. To obtain good flower initiation, Sultanine requires very favorable light and temperature conditions. As such, in France, its fertility in usually non-existent or very low.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Sultanine is very sensitive to downy mildew, powdery mildew, anthracnose, grey rot and phomopsis.
Technological potential
The bunches are large, winged and moderately compact. The berries are seedless, medium in size with a moderately thick skin. The pulp is crunchy and not very acidic, with a simple pleasant flavor. For the production of table grapes, gibberrellic acid treatments and girdling can increase the size of the berries. Sultanine is also the main variety used for the production of raisins.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Sultanine clone carries the number 919.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
919  Hérault  ENTAV        
 1988          
         
Clone conforms to variety characteristics