Segalin N
Name of vine variety in France
Segalin
Origin
This variety was obtained by INRA in 1957 by crossbreeding Jurançon noir N and Portugais bleu N.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Segalin N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1988 2000 2008 2016
ha 15 65 72 59
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the new shoot have a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green,
- adult leaves are orbicular, dark green, 3 or 5-lobed with a U-shaped petiole sinus, closed or with slightly overlapping lobes, the bottom sometimes limited by the vein near the petiole point; U-shaped lateral sinuses; short teeth with straight sides, absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, flat or upturned leaf blade, bubbled and the underside with a sparse coat of upright hairs and a sparse to moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 229 255 178 202 260 238 233 239
Allel 2 149 232 262 188 204 260 248 259 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Under southern region conditions, Segalin N is less vigorous. It is better adapted to more temperate areas where it can be trained and moderately long pruned and trellised. Segalin N is sensitive to black stem disease and magnesium deficiency, particularly when it is grafted with SO4.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Segalin N is not too sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are moderate in size whereas the berries are very small. Segalin N produces very colored, robust and tannic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Segalin N clone carries the number 745.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
745    INRA        
 1980  Languedoc
Lot