Sciaccarello N
Name of vine variety in France
Sciaccarello
Origin
This variety, traditionally grown in Corsica, has been identified as the variety Mammolo, originally from Italy (Tuscany), based on ampelographic and genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier. Based on Italian genetic analyses, Sciacarello would be the result of a crossbreeding between Boggione rosso and Uva delle Vecchie.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Sciaccarellu" regarding plant propagation material. In Italy, Sciaccarello can officially be designated as "Mammolo".
Regulations
In France, Sciaccarello is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Italy.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 654 730 395 605 753 1253
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the adult leaves, entire or with three or five lobes, with shallow lower lateral sinuses, a slightly open petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, medium to long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, a thick, involute leaf blade on the edges, and on the lower side of the leaves, a medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid berries, with red black skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 180 194 246 238 235 251
Allel 2 131 225 247 186 204 246 240 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sciaccarello displays moderate vigor and is suited to hot southern areas. It must be planted in relatively dry terroirs. Moderate pruning and limited yields are required to obtain quality red wines. When overripe , Sciaccarello berries tend to shrivel quickly.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Sciaccarello does not seem particularly susceptible to diseases.
Technological potential
The bunches are very large and the berries are large. Sciaccarello produces fine, balanced, not very colored wines, with a good aromatic complexity (strawberry then spicy aromas). This variety has a good sugar accummulation potential while maintaining a fairly good acidity. Sciaccarello is also interesting when blended or for the production of rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The nine certified Sciaccarello clones carry the numbers 744, 834, 874, 875, 907, 930, 961, 1275 and 1276. A conservatory of 60 or so clones was planted in the wine-growing region of Corsica in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
744  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  high  high  medium  medium
 1980  Corse-du-Sud  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.27 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
834  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 1985  Corse-du-Sud  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.19 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
874  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1986  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety
875  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low  low  high  high
 1986  Corse-du-Sud  low to medium  medium to high  medium  high
 0.33 ha  medium    high  ageing potential greater for red wines
907  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV    high    
 1987  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
930  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1988  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety. Studies underway.
961  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1990  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety. Studies underway.
1275  Corse-du-Sud  CRVI - IFV  supérieure  supérieur  moyenne à inférieure  moyen
 2018  Corse-du-Sud  moyen  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure  moyenne à inférieure
   moyenne à supérieure  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure  vins aromatiques et fruités
Clone adapté pour un vinification en rosé ou en rouge léger
1276  Corse-du-Sud  CRVI - IFV  inférieure  inférieur  supérieure  moyen à supérieur
 2018  Corse-du-Sud  moyen  moyenne  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure
   moyenne  moyenne  moyenne à supérieure  vins colorés et bien structurés
Niveau de production faible, taux d’anthocyanes et de polyphénols élevés. Clone adapté pour la production de vins de garde.