Sciaccarello N
Name of vine variety in France
Sciaccarello
Origin
This vine variety is traditionally grown in Corsica and has been identified with Mammolo N , originally from Italy (Tuscany) based on ampelographic and genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier.
Synonymy
In France, this variety can officially be called "Sciaccarellu N" with regard to plant propagation material. In Italy, Sciaccarello N can officially be called "Mammolo N".
Regulations
In France, Sciaccarello N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 654 730 395 605 753 1193
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip fo the young shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- adult leaves are whole, 3 or 5 lobes with a slightly open petiolar sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes; shallow underside lateral sinuses, teeth with moderate to long sides compared to width at base, upturned on the edges leaf blade, thick and on the underside with a moderate coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- elliptical shaped berries with reddish black skin.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 180 194 246 238 235 251
Allel 2 131 225 247 186 204 246 240 257 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Sciaccarello N displays moderate vigor and is suited to most hot southern areas. It must be planted in relatively dry terroirs. Moderate pruning and limited yields are required to obtain quality red wines. When overripe , Sciaccarello N pits tend to wither quickly.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Sciaccarello N does not display any particular susceptibility to disease.
Technological potential
The grape clusters are very large and the berries are large. Sciaccarello N produces wine with good aromatic complexity (strawberry fruity then spicy aromas), fine and balanced but not very colored. This vine variety has good sugar accummulation potential while maintaining fairly good acidity. Interesting results are achieved when used for blending for making rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The 7 approved Sciaccarello N clones carry the numbers 744, 834, 874, 875, 907, 930 and 961. A conservatory of 60 clones was set up in vineyards in Corsica in 2005.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
744  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  high  high  medium  medium
 1980  Corse-du-Sud  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.27 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
834  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 1985  Corse-du-Sud  medium  medium  medium  medium
 0.19 ha  medium    medium  distinctive wines of the vine variety
874  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1986  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety
875  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV  low  low  high  high
 1986  Corse-du-Sud  low to medium  medium to high  medium  high
 0.33 ha  medium    high  ageing potential greater for red wines
907  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV    high    
 1987  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
930  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1988  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety. Studies underway.
961  Corse-du-Sud  ENTAV        
 1990  Corse-du-Sud        
         
Small distribution clone, conforms with the characteristics of the vine variety. Studies underway.