Savagnin blanc B
Name of vine variety in France
Savagnin blanc
Origin
This variety could originally be from Franche-Comté or Palatinat.
Synonymy
In France, this variety may officially be called "Naturé B" for plant propagating material.
In the European Union, Savagnin blanc N can officially be called by other names: Traminec (Slovenia), Traminer (Belgium, Cyprus, Malta), Tramini (Hungary), Tramini bely (Czech republic).
Regulations
In France, Savagnin blanc B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Belgium, Cyprus, Hungary, Malta, Czech Republic and Slovenia.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 185 136 207 281 385 454 558
Description
The description corresponds to Gewurztraminer Rs, except for the color of the berry skin which when ripe is greenish-yellow.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 149 229 243 186 188 246 248 233 239
Allel 2 149 236 257 186 194 252 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is usually trained and long-pruned. It is perfectly adapted to marly terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Savagnin blanc B is relatively insensitive to diseases particularly to grey rot as the berry skins are thick.
Technological potential
The grape clusters and berries are small to very small in size. Savagnin blanc B can produce top white wines that age well: powerful, heavy and full-bodied. This variety has a very high sugar accumulation potential while maintaining high acidity levels. Savagnin blanc B is especially used for making "vins jaunes".
Clonal selection in France
The 4 approved Savagnin blanc B clones carry the numbers 611, 612, 613 and 614. A conservatory of 50 or so clones was set up in 1998 in Alsace.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
611  Jura  INRA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1979  Jura  medium to high    medium  
 0.16 ha        Good aptitude for making vins jaunes
Somewhat later maturity clone
612  Jura  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1979  Jura  medium    medium  
 0.13 ha        refined and aromatic wines, Good aptitude for making vins jaunes
Clone appreciated for its earlier maturity and the quality of wines produced
613  Jura  INRA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1979  Jura  medium    medium  
 0.16 ha        Good aptitude for making vins jaunes
614  Jura  INRA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1979  Jura  medium to high    medium  
 0.20 ha        refined and aromatic wines, Good aptitude for making vins jaunes
Clone appreciated for its earlier maturity and the quality of wines produced