Saint-Macaire N
Name of vine variety in France
This variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
In France, Saint-Macaire is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2018
ha 200 110 25 7 0.4
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a very high density of prostate hairs, 
- the yellow or green young leaves,
- the adult leaves with three, five or seven lobes, shallow lateral sinuses, a slightly open U-shaped petiole sinus or with slightly overlapping lobes, small teeth with straight or convex sides, a weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted, strongly blistered and sometimes goffered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a high density of prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 188 252 254 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 247 251
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Saint-Macaire is vigorous and not very fertile when pruned short.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Saint-Macaire is susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are medium in size. Saint-Macaire produces very colored but fairly ordinary and relatively acidic wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Saint-Macaire clone carries the number 1218.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1218  Hérault  IFV - INRA        
 2014  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety