Saint-Macaire N
Name of vine variety in France
Saint-Macaire
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the Bordeaux vineyards.
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Saint-Macaire N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 2016
ha 200 110 25 7 0.1
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a very dense coat of flat-lying hairs, 
- the young leaves are yellow or green,
- adult leaves have 3, 5 or 7 lobes with a slightly open petiolar sinus with a U-shaped base or with slightly overlapping lobes, shallow lateral sinuses; small teeth with straight or convex sides, low anthocyanin coloration of veins; jagged and sometimes cupped leaf blade and the underside with a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 141 223 239 176 188 252 254 233 239
Allel 2 153 238 249 186 200 252 254 247 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Saint-Macaire N is vigorous and not very fertile when short pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Saint-Macaire N is susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are moderate size. Saint-Macaire N produces very colored but fairly ordinary and relatively acid wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Saint-Macaire N clone carries the number 1218.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1218  Hérault  IFV - INRA        
 2014  Languedoc-Roussillon        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety