Rousseli Rs
Name of vine variety in France
This variety is originally from Provence. Based on published genetic studies, it is probably a descendant of Gouais and Ouliven.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
In France, Rousseli is offically listed in the "Catalogue of Vine Varieties" on the A list and classified.
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 758 1557 1030 801 178 79 25
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low to medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the adut leaves entire or with three lobes, with an open or slightly open U or V-shaped petiole sinus, medium or long teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low to medium density of erect and prostate hairs,
- the round-shaped berries with a non-homogeneous pink skin color.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 133 225 239 178 186 244 254 245 249
Allel 2 141 238 249 182 204 252 254 257 249
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This fertile and productive variety must be pruned short.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Rousseli is very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are large. Rousseli produces flat, white or barely tinted wines with a low alcohol degree. Blended, it can be used for the production of rosé wines.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Rousseli clone carries the number 1264.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France, (under the name "Roussanne du Var").
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1264  Var  CA 83 - IFV