Prunelard N
Name of vine variety in France
Prunelard
Origin
This variety is originally from the Gaillac region (Tarn).
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Prunelard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 7 1 2 7 73
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a high density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves with bronze spots,
- the entire adult leaves, with a slighltly open or closed with parallel edges V-shaped petiole sinus, short teeth compared to their width at the base with straight sides, no or a very weak anthocyanin coloration of veins, a shiny revolute leaf blade, sometimes undulate between the veins near the petiole sinus, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of prostate hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 182 194 240 238 243 239
Allel 2 141 236 262 186 202 246 254 267 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: mid-season, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Prunelard is not very productive but is fairly vigorous, with an erect bearing, and can be pruned long.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Prunelard is very susceptible to mites in spring. On the other hand, it is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and the berries are medium in size. Prunelard produces colored, full-bodied and balanced wines that are suited to ageing. At full maturity, the alcohol content may be high. The wines have ripe fruit and spicy aromas.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Prunelard clones carry the numbers 1232 and 1233. A conservatory of twenty or so clones was planted in 1998 in the wine-growing region of Gaillac (French department of Tarn).
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
New
1232  Tarn  IFV  medium  medium to slightly higher  medium  medium
 2015  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium  medium  medium
   medium  medium  medium to high  structured and complex wine with good aromatic intensity (spicy aromas)
Production level slightly above average and the most popular wine tasting
New
1233  Tarn  IFV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 2015  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  medium
   medium  medium  medium to high  structured wines with good aromatic intensity
Average production level and wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics