Prunelard N
Name of vine variety in France
Prunelard
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the Gaillac region (Tarn).
Synonymy
Regulations
In France, Prunelard N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 7 1 2 7 68
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tip of the young shoot has a heavy coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- adult leaves are whole with a petiolar sinus with a V-shaped base, slightly open or closed with parallel edges, short teeth compared to width at base, straight sides; an absence or very slight anthocyanin coloration of veins, a shiny leaf blade, revolute, sometimes wavy between the veins near the petiolar point and the underside with a sparse coat of flat-lying hairs,
- round-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 236 239 182 194 240 238 243 239
Allel 2 141 236 262 186 202 246 254 267 251
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas. Grape maturity: period II, 3 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Prunelard N is not very productive but is fairly vigorous, grows erect and can be long pruned.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Prunelard N is very susceptible to acariosis in spring. On the other hand, it is not very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small and berries are moderate size. Prunelard N produces wines to be aged, colored, full bodied and balanced wines. At maturity, the alcohol content may be high. Wines produced have ripe fruit and spicy aromas.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved Prunelard N clones carry the numbers 1232 and 1233. A conservatory with twenty clones was set up in 1998 in vineyards in the Gaillac region.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
New
1232  Tarn  IFV  medium  medium to slightly higher  medium  medium
 2015  Sud-Ouest  medium to high  medium  medium  medium
   medium  medium  medium to high  structured and complex wine with good aromatic intensity (spicy aromas)
Production level slightly above average and the most popular wine tasting
New
1233  Tarn  IFV  medium  medium  medium  medium
 2015  Sud-Ouest  medium  medium  medium  medium
   medium  medium  medium to high  structured wines with good aromatic intensity
Average production level and wines appreciated for their organoleptic characteristics