Prima N
Name of vine variety in France
This variety was obtained in 1974 by INRA by crossbreeding Lival and Cardinal.
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
In France, Prima is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list. This variety is also listed in the catalogue of Bulgaria.
Table grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2018
ha 85 90 60
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a medium density of prostate hairs,
- the green young leaves with bronze spots,
- the shoots with no or a slight anthocyanin coloration and with red-striped internodes,
- the circular or wedge-shaped adult leaves, with five or seven lobes, deep lateral sinuses, an open U-shaped petiole sinus, with often naked petiole veins, medium teeth with straight or convex sides, a moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted finely blistered leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, a low density of erect hairs and no prostate hairs,
- the broad ellipsoid berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 234 247 182 186 252 238 243 261
Allel 2 133 234 249 182 192 252 254 267 271
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Prima has a moderate vigor, with an erect or semi-erect bearing. This variety must be trellised and pruned short or moderately long. It is sensitive to coulure, millerandage and berry splitting.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Prima is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are medium, fairly loose with a long and not very lignified peduncle. The berries are medium to large in size and become intensely and homogeneously colored before the grapes reach full maturity. The skin is fairly thin and the pulp is firm, juicy with a neutral flavor and moderate organoleptic quality. Prima has a good storage and transport capacity.
Clonal selection in France
The only certified Prima clone carries the number 1022.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1022    INRA