Prima N
Name of vine variety in France
This variety was obtained in 1974 by INRA by crossbreeding Lival N and Cardinal Rg.
In France, Prima N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".

This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogue of Bulgaria.
Table grape variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
2000 2008 2016
ha 85 90 61
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a moderate coat of flat-lying hairs,
- young leaves are green with bronze patches,
- the shoot has an absence or slight anthocyanin coloration with red striped internodes, 
- adult leaves are orbicular or wedge-shaped, 5 or 7-lobed with deep lateral sinuses; an open petiole sinus with a U-shaped base, oftentimes limited by the vein near the petiole point; moderate teeth with straight or convex sides, moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; finely bubbled leaf blade, jagged and on the underside a sparse coat of upright hairs and absence of flat-lying hairs,
- short elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 234 247 182 186 252 238 243 261
Allel 2 133 234 249 182 192 252 254 267 271
Bud burst: 8 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early, 1 week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Prima N has moderate vigor and grows erect or semi-erect. This variety must be trellised and short pruned or moderately long pruned. It is sensitive to coulure, millerandage and berry splitting.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Prima N is not very sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
Prima N grape clusters are average, fairly loose with a long and not very lignified stalk. The berries are moderate to large in size and become intensely colored in a homogeneous manner before the grapes reach maturity. The skins are fairly thin and the pulp firm and juicy with a neutral flavor and moderate organoleptic quality. Prima N holds up well and has good capacity for long distance travel.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Prima N clone carries the number 1022.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages. P. Galet, 2000, Ed. Hachette, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1022    INRA