Précoce de Malingre B
Name of vine variety in France
Précoce de Malingre
Origin
This variety was obtained in the Paris region by M. Malingre during the 19th century. Based on genetic analyses carried out in Montpellier,  Précoce de Malingre would be the result of the crossbreeding between Bicane and Pinot.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Précoce de Malingre is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Germany and Denmark.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
2018
ha 0
Description
The identification is based on:
- the tip of the young shoot with a low density of prostate hairs,
- the yellow young leaves,
- the light green adult leaves, with five lobes, deep lateral sinuses, an open petiole sinus, long teeth compared to their width at the base with straigt sides, no anthocyanin coloration of veins, a twisted leaf blade, and on the lower side of the leaves, no erect and prostate hairs,
- the ellipsoid or ovoid berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 176 188 246 238 233 251
Allel 2 135 236 243 186 194 256 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: same as Chasselas.
Grape maturity: very early season, half a week before Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Précoce de Malingre is not very vigorous, must be pruned short and carefully disbudded.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Précoce de Malingre is not very susceptible to fungal diseases but the berries are frequently attacked by wasps.
Technological potential
The bunches are small and the berries are small to medium in size. Précoce de Malingre has a high sugar accumulation potential. It produces wines with a good alcohol-acidity balance but with quite heavy aromas.
Clonal selection in France
There is no certified clone for this variety yet.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.