Poulsard N
Name of vine variety in France
This is a native vine variety from the vineyards in the Jura.
In France, this vine variety can officially be called "Ploussard N" for plant propagating material.
In France, Poulsard is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 314 279 292 297 308 311 257
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoots have a very sparse coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are yellow with bronze patches,
- adult leaves have 5 or 7 lobes with an open U-shaped petiolar sinus, deep lateral sinuses with a U-shaped base, moderate size teeth with straight sides; an absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, a flat leaf blade or slightly revolute and the underside with a sparse to very sparse coat of upright hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 225 233 176 194 248 238 216 239
Allel 2 135 236 247 186 196 256 240 243 261
Bud burst: 1 day before Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Poulsard is rather delicate and is sensitive to spring frost, coulure and to sun burn. It must be long pruned and trellissed. Poulsard is suited to marly and limestone soils.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This vine variety is particularly susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small while the berries are moderate to large in size. Poulsard produces wines with great finesse, aromatic but noy very full-bodied with varying color with occasionaly an "onion skin" hue.
Clonal selection in France
The 4 approved Poulsard clones carry the numbers 464, 584, 1047 and 1231.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
464  Jura  ENTAV    high  low  
 1976  Jura        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
Productive clone
584  Jura  ENTAV    medium  high  medium to low
 1978  Jura        medium to low
         balanced and distinctive of the vine variety wines
1047  Jura  ENTAV  low to medium  low to medium  high  low to medium
 1998  Jura  medium    high  low to medium
   medium  medium  medium  balanced and distinctive of the vine variety wines
1231  Jura  Société Viticulture du Jura - IFV  medium to high  medium to low  high  high
 2015  Jura  low    medium  medium to high
   low  medium to low  medium to high  more colored wine than other clones and good organoleptic qualities
Early maturity clone with loose clusters and average level of production. Popular wine tasting