Piquepoul noir N
Name of vine variety in France
Piquepoul noir
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the Languedoc region.
Synonymy
There are no officially recognized synonyms for this vine variety in France. In Portugal, Piquepoul N can officially be called by the name "Pical".
Regulations
In France, Piquepoul noir N is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties". This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogue of Portugal.
Use
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 356 322 334 202 105 79 65
Description
The description corresponds to Piquepoul blanc B, except the berry skin color when ripe, in this case, is bluish-black. The young leaves also have somewhat more intense bronze patches.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 243 186 188 252 248 235 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 7 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Piquepoul noir N grows erect and must be short-pruned. This vine variety is rather productive. It has a tendency of alternating yields and preference should be given to planting in dry and not very fertile terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Piquepoul noir N is very susceptible to gray rot and a little susceptible to powdery mildew.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large and the berries are moderate in size. Piquepoul noir N produces lively, not very colored but aromatically interesting wines. Under these conditions, it should preferably be used for making rosé wines because it maintains good acidity and produces  wines with bright shades maintained over time.
Clonal selection in France
The 6 approved Piquepoul noir N clones carry the numbers 239, 294, 295, 636, 830 and 832.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
239  Hérault  ENTAV      high  
 1973  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette        
         distinctive wines of the vine variety
294  Hérault  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  low to medium      
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
295  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium      
 0.19 ha  medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
636  Hérault  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1979  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium      
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
830  Hérault  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1985  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium      
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
832  Hérault  ENTAV  low  medium  medium  
 1985  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium      
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety