Piquepoul gris G
Name of vine variety in France
Piquepoul gris
Origin
This variety corresponds to the grey mutation of Piquepoul noir.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety.
Regulations
In France, Piquepoul gris is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 2000 2008 2018
ha 42 49 6 5 2.9
*: see Piquepoul Blanc.
Description
The description corresponds to that of Piquepoul blanc, except for the skin color of the berries when ripe, which is, in this case, grey. The anthocyanin coloration of the internodes of the shoots seems more pronounced than for Piquepoul blanc.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 243 186 188 252 248 235 261
Phenology
Bud burst: 6 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: late-season, 4 weeks and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Piquepoul gris shares the same characteristics as Piquepoul blanc, with a slightly higher production.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Piquepoul gris is very susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
The bunches are large and the berries are medium in size. Generally vinified as white wine, Piquepoul gris produces wines with a good acidity.
Clonal selection in France
The two certified Piquepoul gris clones carry the numbers 71 and 293.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
71  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety
293  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc, domaine de l'Espiguette  medium    medium  
   medium      distinctive wines of the vine variety