Piquepoul blanc B
Name of vine variety in France
Piquepoul blanc
This variety corresponds to the white mutation of Piquepoul noir N.
In France, Piquepoul blanc B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Wine vine variety
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 903 856 592 594 650 1235 1697
* : Piquepoul blanc and gris
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the shoot has green or slighty red striped internodes,
- young leaves are green with slightly bronze patches,
- orbicular adult leaves, 5 or 7-lobed, with an open or slightly opne U-shaped petiole sinus; moderate to long teeth (particularly for those corresponding to principle veins) with convex sides; low to moderate anthocyanin coloration of veins; bubbled leaf blade, upturned and the underside with a sparse to moderate coat of upright and flat-lying hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Allel 1 131 223 239 176 188 252 240 233 239
Allel 2 131 229 243 186 188 252 248 235 261
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period III, 4 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
This variety is fertile and productive and must be trained and short-pruned. It is adapted to clay limestone terroirs and sandy terrains (it was formerly grown with the vines in the sand on the Mediterranean coast). As maturity is reached fairly late, it is reserved for warm southern regions.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Piquepoul blanc B is sensitive to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are large and berries are moderate in size. In appropriate terroirs, Piquepoul blanc B can produce typical, lively and pleasant white wine.
Clonal selection in France
The 4 approved Piquepoul blanc B clones carry the numbers 176, 237, 238 and 463. A conservatory was set up in 1994 in Hérault and includes close to 400 clones.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
176  Hérault  ENTAV  high  medium to high  medium  
 1972  Languedoc  medium      
 0.20 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
237  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
 0.36 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
238  Hérault  ENTAV  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1973  Languedoc  medium      
 0.08 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
463  Hérault  ENTAV  medium  medium  medium  
 1976  Languedoc  medium      
 0.13 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety