Pinot gris G
Name of vine variety in France
Pinot gris
Origin
This variety corresponds to the grey mutation of Pinot noir. It is fairly common to find variations with the white grape form on the same vine trunk. This is much less often the case with the dark form.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym in France for this variety. In the European Union, Pinot gris can officially be called by other names: Grauer Burgunder (Austria), Pinot grigio (Italy), Ruländer (Germany, Austria, Netherlands), Rulandské sede (Czech republic, Slovakia), Sivi pinot (Slovenia) and Szürkebarat (Hungary).
Regulations
En France, le Pinot gris is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties" on the A list and classified. This variety is also listed in the catalogues of other Member States of the European Union: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
Use
Wine grape variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2018
ha 492 601 520 893 1759 2452 3073
Description
The description corresponds to that of Pinot noir, except for the skin color of the berries when ripe, which in this case is grey. In southern areas, this tint can become relatively dark.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 182 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 149 236 243 186 194 246 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 2 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: early-season, 1 week and a half after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Pinot gris is rather vigorous but not very productive. This variety is well adapted to northern regions, rather deep limestone, relatively dry and well exposed terroirs. It is not very sensitive to winter cold and its fruit production is good following spring frost.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is a little sensitive to grey rot and downy mildew.
Technological potential
The bunches and berries are small or very small in size. Pinot gris can produce wines of great finesse: very powerful, full-bodied and aromatic. The sugar accumulation potential is high and acidity low to moderate. Pinot gris poduces wines that generally have a pronounced yellow color and specific aromas compared to Pinot blanc.
Clonal selection in France
The three certified Pinot gris clones carry the numbers 52, 53 and 457. A conservatory collection of 200 or so clones and was planted in Alsace in 1984. Two other conservatories have been planted: on of 9 clones in the Champagne wine-growing region and one of 14 clones in the French department of Côte-d'Or in 1993.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi, France.
- Documentary collections of the Centre de Ressources Biologiques de la Vigne de Vassal-Montpellier, INRAE - Montpellier SupAgro, Marseillan, France.
- Dictionnaire encyclopédique des cépages et de leurs synonymes. P. Galet, 2015, Ed. Libre&Solidaire, France.
- Traité général de viticulture, Ampélographie. P. Viala and V. Vermorel, 1901-1909, Ed. Masson, Paris, France.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
52  Allemagne (Pays de Bade)  INRA  medium  medium  medium to high  
 1971  Alsace  medium      
 6.17 ha        refined and well-balanced wines
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced
53  Allemagne (Pays de Bade)  INRA  medium  medium to high  medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium to high      
 2.27 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
457  Bourgogne  ENTAV  medium to high  medium  medium to high  
 1975  Alsace  low to medium      
 1.96 ha        refined and balanced wines
Clone appreciated for its agronomic characteristics and quality of wines produced