Pinot blanc B
Name of vine variety in France
Pinot blanc
Origin
This variety corresponds to the white mutation of Pinot noir N.
Synonymy
There is no officially recognized synonym for this variety in France. In the European Union, Pinot blanc B can officially be called by other names: Beli pinot (Slovenia), Grossburgunder (Austria), Klevner (Austria), Pino blan (Bulgaria), Pinot Bianco (Italy, Malta, Germany), Pinot (under certain conditions in Italy), Rulandské biele (Slovakia),  Weisser Burgunder (Germany, Austria), Weissburgunder (Germany, Austria, United Kingdom and under certain conditions in Italy.
Regulations
In France, Pinot blanc B is officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".This vine variety is likewise listed in the Catalogues of other European Union member states: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,  Cyprus, Great Britain, Italy, Hungary, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia and Slovenia.
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1968 1979 1988 1998 2008 2016
ha 610 812 1491 1565 1503 1262 1269
Description
The description corresponds to Pinot noir N, except for the for of the skins of the berries when ripe, which in this case, are greenish-yellow. Moreover, the adult leaves of Pinot blanc B are oftentimes less serrated than Pinot gris G and Pinot noir N.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 135 225 239 182 188 240 238 216 239
Allel 2 149 236 243 186 194 246 248 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 1 day after Chasselas.Grappe maturity: period I, 1 and 1/2 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Pinot blanc B is quite vigorous and displays regular productivity (more productive than Pinot gris G or Pinot noir N). It is a bit sensitive to  chlorosis and is suited for deep soils, rather hot, stoney or not. Pinot blanc B has good resistance to the cold.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
This variety is rather delicate and is relatively sensitive to major diseases.
Technological potential
Grape clusters are small to moderate in size and the berries are small. Pinot blanc B can produce pleasant, light bodied wines with moderate acidity. This variety can likewise be used to make base wine for sparkling wines.
Clonal selection in France
The 2 approved Pinot blanc B clones carry the numbers 54 and 55. A conservatory collection including 200 or so clones was set up in Alsace in 1984.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 2. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
54  Haut-Rhin  INRA  medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium    medium  
 3.06 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety
55  Haut-Rhin  INRA  low to medium  medium  medium  
 1971  Alsace  medium    medium  
 1.39 ha        distinctive wines of the vine variety