Picardan B
Name of vine variety in France
Picardan
Origin
This vine variety is originally from the South of France.
Synonymy
In France, this vine variety can officially be called "Araignan B" for plant propagating material.
Regulations
In France, Picardan B if officially listed in the "Catalogue of vine varieties".
Use
Wine vine variety.
Evolution of area under vines in France
1958 1988 2016
ha 60 10 2.5
Description
Identification signs include:
- the tips of the young shoot have a dense coat of flat-lying hairs,
- the young leaves are green with slightly bronze patches,
- adult leaves are wedge or pentagonal shaped, 3 lobes with a closed petiolar sinus with slightly overlapping lobes, large teeth, moderate length compared to width at base, staight or convex sides; an absence of anthocyanin coloration of veins, a finely bubbled and sometimes cupped leaf blade and the underside with a moderate coat of upright hairs and a slight coat of flat-lying hairs,
- elliptical-shaped berries.
Genetic profile
Microsatellite VVS2 VVMD5 VVMD7 VVMD27 VRZAG62 VRZAG79 VVMD25 VVMD28 VVMD32
Allel 1 131 223 239 182 196 238 248 233 239
Allel 2 135 238 249 188 204 252 254 235 271
Phenology
Bud burst: 5 days after Chasselas.
Grape maturity: period II, 3 and 1/2 to 4 weeks after Chasselas.
Suitability for cultivation and agronomic production
Picardan B has moderate vigor and grows semi-erect. It must be short-pruned and preferably trellised. This vine variety is susceptible to magnesium deficiency and is well adapted to dry and not very fertile terroirs.
Sensitivity to diseases and pests
Picardan B is somewhat susceptible to grey rot.
Technological potential
Grape clusters and berries are large. Picardan B produces fruity, fairly fine with moderate acidity wines. Sugar potential is low to moderate.
Clonal selection in France
The only approved Picardan B clone carries the number 1183.
Bibliographic references
- Catalogue des variétés et clones de vigne cultivés en France. Collectif, 2007, Ed. IFV, Le Grau-du-Roi.
- Documentation interne du Domaine de Vassal. 1949-2011, INRA, Marseillan-plage.
- Cépages et vignobles de France, tome 1. P. Galet, 1990, Ed. Dehan, Montpellier.
- Ampélographie. P. Viala et V. Vermorel, 1902-1910, Ed. Masson, Paris.
Description of clones approved in France
Identity and availability Agronomic data Technical data
Clone number Origin Selection Fertility Production level Sugar content Potential color
Year approved Agronomic references Weight of grape clusters Vigor Total acidity Tannic structure
Growing surface area Size of berries Sensitivity to Botrytis Aromatic intensity Oenological aptitudes
1183  Vaucluse  CA 84 - IFV        
 2012          
         distinctive wines of the vine variety